How does an electric scooter work? Owing to many reasons and advances in technology, the electric vehicle industry has gone a long way in the last 10 years. Awareness of climate change hazards, material science advances, and battery capacity changes have paved the way for electric shuttle vehicles we see today.
These vehicles are environmentally friendly, cheaper than gasoline, both in initial cost and in fuel, and are suitable for road travel and storage in confined spaces.
But what is going on in one of those urban vehicles? How does an electric scooter work? Take the Levy electric scooter as an example for which this review is focused on the good display of the affordability to the ratio of efficiency that technological advances provide.
The electric scooter will be considered in 4 parts: body, battery, and engine controller. It consists of an aircraft-grade aluminum alloy, which you may know if you own a MacBook. Aluminum is bright, rich, and strong.
The safety, durability, and longevity of steel are 2.5 times lower. This weight-saving factor is particularly significant in an electric vehicle and allows the battery to use less energy to overcome the inertia of a standstill. This means longer journeys and quicker acceleration.
The Levy Electric Scooter is unusual because the battery is stored in the front of the scooter and can be removed by a fully charged battery, rather than under a scooter.
One of the key reasons why electric vehicles are even feasible is the major advances in battery technology, especially the density of battery energy. Lithium-ion is the battery of choice for most electronic devices. These are your telephone, laptop, and your electric car now!
The battery consists of an anode, a cathode, an energy-moving separator between the two, and a medium. The anode and cathode jump lithium ions from the cathode to the anode in loading and vice versa in loading each other.
This ion flow produces electrons and hence electricity. By reducing the gap between the anode and the cathode, we have been able to increase our batteries’ energy capacity and also reduce their size.
That is how small your phone is, and how strong a battery can fit a person into a scooter’s stem! This room is filled with a liquid that leads the ions; we look forward to drying cell batteries in the future. This replaces the fluid with a conductive solid and makes it possible to use both thinner and thicker battery units.
So, for what’s the battery? What exactly does an electric scooter power? Your lithium-ion battery is naturally used to fuel the engine! There are various electric motors, but the brushless DC motor is important for our purposes.
Did you ever think about the workings of an electric motor? There is no drive shaft, like motors in traditional vehicles. Magnetism is used by electric motors to spin what is called the armature.
You can see the armature below, the little arm sticking to us is in the middle of Levy’s engine. The armature has in it magnets. Both these copper bobbins are electromagnets outside the engine and are referred to as the “stator.”
The magnets surround the armature in a complete 360° circle and flip their polarity one by one, so that the magnets in the armature obey it, producing torque.
The armature follows the stator, much like the magnets you use as a kid, because of the other poles, except that these poles can be controlled and modified by electricity. See how all the talk about batteries comes back?
Finally, how can you say how quickly you want to go to your computer? Certainly, you switch your handle or dial at the end and it’s moving, but what happens behind the scenes? Electric scooters use so-called “motor controls” to connect with the motor.
The motor controller has a circuit board and reads incoming data through sensors and software and reacts accordingly. For instance, your motor controller will read your battery level to decide if you have sufficient power to continue supplying the engine.
It reads your throttle data to decide how much juice the engine will deliver. It also helps you split when reading data from the different braking mechanisms on your scooter. Your engine controller is your system’s brain and you cannot interact with the scooter without that device.
An electric scooter is a basic unit consisting of three main components on an aluminum body. However, it took us decades to be able to construct these machines.
It’s a wonder of modern engineering, so use it! Make your travel smoother, cheaper, and more environmentally friendly. Batteries and travel times can only improve so make sure you keep an eye on the demand for electric vehicles.